Indian National Flag

Indian National Flag: Pingali Venkayya first prepared the design of the Flag

Indian National Flag: Pingali Venkayya first prepared the design of the Flag

Indian National Flag: Freedom fighter and staunch Gandhian Pingali Venkayya first prepared the original design of the national flag in 1921. A farmer, a geologist, a lecturer at the Andhra National College in Machilipatnam, and a fluent speaker of the Japanese language, he was an architect of the tricolor. In fact, he was so proficient in the Japanese language that he was known as ‘Japan Venkayya’.

Indian National Flag

Pingali Venkayya was born on August 2, 1876, near Machilipatnam. Pingali Venkaiah went to South Africa to fight in the war as a soldier of the British Indian Army. It was in South Africa that he was imbued with a sense of nationalism by the Union Jack inspired among British soldiers.

Indian National Flag: Today the Center is honoring him by issuing a postage stamp on his birth anniversary

A nation is identified by its emblem, national flag and anthem. Today, when you think of India, as it marks the 75th year of independence, the tricolor immediately comes to mind. Pingali Venkayya is behind the tricolor of India.

Today, on his 146th birth anniversary, the Union Ministry of Culture is organizing an event – the Tiranga Utsav – to celebrate the contribution of Venkaiah. Home Minister Amit Shah will also attend the event, a commemorative postage stamp will also be released in his honour.

The struggle behind the Indian National Flag

From 1919 to 1921, Venkaiah continued to insist on the idea of having a national flag of India during the Congress sessions. Venkaiah designed several models of the national flag.
Venkaiah’s design for the national flag was finally approved by Mahatma Gandhi at a Congress meeting in Vijayawada in 1921.

Pingali Venkaiah, working at the Andhra National College Machilipatnam, has published a book, which describes the flags of the countries and has created many models for our own national flag. I appreciate his hard struggle during the sessions of the Indian National Congress for the approval of the Indian National Flag,” wrote Mahatma Gandhi in Young India.

Indian National Flag

The initial flag, called the Swaraj flag, consists of two red and green bands; the two bands represented the two major religious communities – Hindus and Muslims. The flag also had a spinning wheel, which represented Swaraj.

On the advice of Mahatma Gandhi, Venkaiah added a white band. White represented peace. Although earlier the tricolor was not officially accepted by the All India Congress Committee (AICC), it was hoisted on all Congress occasions.

Redesign Indian National Flag

The flag continued to be used, but in 1931 concerns were raised about the religious aspect of the flag.

Keeping this in mind, a flag committee was formed and they came up with a new idea called Purna Swaraj.

He replaced red with saffron and changed the order of the colours, with saffron on top followed by white and then green. The spinning wheel was placed on a white stripe in the middle.

Indian National Flag

Colors were for qualities and not for communities; Saffron for courage and sacrifice, white for truth and peace, and green for faith and strength. The spinning wheel stood for the welfare of the people.

After independence, a National Flag Committee led by President Rajendra Prasad replaced the Charkha with the Ashoka Chakra.

Indian National Flag: Honoring Venkayya after his death

Venkayya breathed his last in poverty on 4 July 1963. It was only in 2009 that he was ousted from history and a postage stamp was issued in his honor.

In 2015, the then Urban Development Minister, M Venkaiah Naidu had renamed AIR Vijayawada after Venkaiah and unveiled his statue in its premises.

Naidu once said that Venkaiah was an unsung hero of our freedom struggle who made a huge contribution. He dedicated his whole life to the nation and worked tirelessly to make India an independent country.

Last year, his name was also proposed for Bharat Ratna by Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister YS Jagan Mohan Reddy.

Also Read : Kargil Vijay Diwas 2022: Celebrated on 26th July every year in the country

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